Being my father’s daughter, his love and knowledge of U.S. labour history made its way deep into the creases of my brain. So I am acutely aware of the events that stand out and acted as turning points in the long and continued struggle for better wages, conditions, and treatment of workers. One such example, the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory fire, took place in New York City on March 25, 1911, killing 146 women, most of whom were new immigrants and between the ages of 16 and 23. This tragedy prompted new legislation that would help to ensure better safety for sweatshop workers and a shift in what employers could demand of their employees. With this in mind, reading a recent Business Week article, it is hard to understand that the same preventable tragedies still take place, all too often.
“Apparel sold by Spain’s Inditex, the world’s largest apparel company and a pioneer of faster fashion cycles, was found at a factory that caught fire on Jan. 26, killing at least seven people. More than 100 were killed on Nov. 24 at another Bangladeshi plant producing garments for companies including Sears Holdings (SHLD) and Wal-Mart Stores (WMT).”
Forward 102 years later, to a different part of the world but to all too familiar circumstances. The high demand for garments still put women in danger of factory fires and other risks of injury and death. The article discusses the perils associated with ‘fast fashion’. The two-week cycle of clothing lines, which helped to make retailers like H&M and Zara global titans of cheap fashion, is directly linked to increased incidents of death for the workers that make this fast production possible.
The Triangle Shirtwaist Factory fire helped to change how workers were treated in the 20th century in the U.S. What is powerful enough to change this pattern in Bangladesh and other parts of the world where sweatshops still go unregulated and workers still die in the name of the cheapest, trendiest fashion?
One of my favourite things I brought back from my time living in Chicago is an orange 1970′s Schwinn Continental 10 speed. It is from a time when Schwinn’s were still manufactured in Chicago, in fact only a stone’s throw from the Logan Square apartment basement where I found it. So it makes me particularly excited to read about the return of bike production to the Midwestern U.S.
Shinola with its slogan, “Where American is made,” is currently producing bicycles and watches in its Detroit factory, a building that once housed GM. It is also planning to roll out a line of leather products and notebooks. This company finds good company as part of a growing trend of manufacturers committed to American production, good design and building a compelling brand.
“We won’t go so far as to say that the startup will singlehandedly revitalize the manufacturing culture of the Upper Midwest region, but Shinola is making a bold statement with its winning combination of in-house savoir-faire, carefully curated local producers and nicely executed video documentation of all of the above. “
A special report from the Economist this week, titled, “Northern Lights,” examines the “quiet revolution” taking place in Nordic nations that has allowed for increased financial sustainability while encouraging innovation, creativity, and high levels of social mobility.
“The Nordic countries are reinventing their model of capitalism, says Adrian Wooldridge”
With Sweden’s public spending dropping by 18% and its debt reduced by 33% since 1993, Denmark’s policy allowing” parents to send children to private schools at public expense,” and Finland’s trend of engaging innovation and entrepreneurship by tapping into its venture capitalists and angel investors, there are some who are concerned that the Nordic countries have swung too far in the fiscally conservative direction. While others feel the move from the far left is the reason this area of the world is thriving.
Are Nordic counties finding a new balanced “Middle Way” between capitalism and socialism? Can this serve as an example of a more humane form of capitalism that the rest of the world can learn from and follow?
Toronto-based lighting designer and Design Common colleague Katharine Tessier’s new project, Manufacturers and Designers Connect (M+Dc), launches its first round of designs representing collaborations between local designers and manufacturers during Toronto’s Design Offsite Festival. Beyond the beauty of the products themselves and the innovative design process behind them, Kate is offering manufacturers the ability to expand their production lines and maximize the capacity of their equipment and facilities. This, while giving designers access to tools, techniques, and manufacturer insight so often out of reach for small batch production runs. This project is at the bleeding edge of the movement back to more localized production and intentional consumption.
Great work, Kate! Learn more about M+Dc and the process behind these designs at mplusdc.tumblr.com.
Read the National Postarticle about Katharine Tessier and Manufacturers and Designers Connect.
Trendwatching.com announced its “10 Trends for 2013.” Number two on the list is the growing number of emerging market companies looking to gain customers in other emerging economies.
“While the last two decades were about developed markets catering to emerging ones, and emerging markets increasingly catering to developed ones; now get ready for an explosion in products and services from emerging markets for emerging markets.”
One of the examples cited is China’s second largest smartphone maker, Lenovo, which started selling a range of smartphones in Indonesia in October. It plans to roll out a smartphone for the Indian market in March of 2013.
During the PSFK CONFERENCE LONDON last month Tamara Giltsoff talked about how large organizations can incorporate sustainability into their business.
“As the population continues to grow and water supplies dwindle, corporations will have to make changes to their products and production, says Giltsoff, and the way to do this is three-fold: adopt a new business model, map a business case which has sustainability at the core of its product development, and look at potential impact opportunity.”
With the backing of Peter Thiel’s Breakout Labs, Modern Meadow is a company using cell culture to create 3D printed meat and leather. This technology has application in the realms of product development, fashion, food, and medical testing.
“‘Whether you’re brewing beer or making yogurt, you’re really doing cell culture,’ [Modern Meadow co-founder and CEO Andras Forgacs] says. In this case, though, the process involves biopsying a living animal (a relatively harmless procedure), isolating the desired cells, growing large numbers of them, and preparing them into cell aggregates–spheres of tens of thousands of cells. These aggregates can then become the raw material for more industrial processes. In the case of complete organs, that process is something like 3-D printing. For calfskin–the product that Modern Meadow intends to turn out by the end of the year–it would resemble something more like regular printing or weaving.”
Jorgen Randers is professor of climate strategy at the BI Norwegian Business School, coauthor of The Limits to Growth in 1972, Beyond the Limits in 1992, Limits to Growth: The 30-Year Update in 2004, and his newest book, 2052: A Global Forecast for the Next Forty Years, offers his outlook of the world in 2052. From looking at energy costs in 40 years to how the transition of power from the U.S. to China will transpire, Randers offers his forecasts. In a nutshell, it’s grim with a splash of hope.
“So, materially speaking the answer is probably yes–on average the world will be a better place. From a psychological perspective, probably no, because the future prospects in 2052 will be grim. That could change, though, if there is hope. If those experiencing the impacts of climate change have the comforting knowledge that, somewhere on the planet, some resourceful and well-run countries are putting tremendous effort into stopping global warming, they can maintain the hope of a better future world.”
In this month’s issue, Inc. magazine discusses the new book, Reverse Innovation: Create Far From Home, and the importance of ideas ‘trickling up’ from the emerging market. The authors offer examples of companies that have developed innovative products and services for developing economies and then introduced these ideas to developed markets with great success. The book is a call to action for companies to look outside of their traditional markets and to learn and adapt to the needs of the emerging market – a hugely, untapped space that is brimming with ideas and opportunities for growth. Co-author of Reverse Innovation: Create Far From Home, Vijay Govindarajan had this to say about obstacles facing developed-world business leaders and their ability to recognize this potential:
“The biggest obstacle is the mindset. In the developed world, we have been so successful for so long catering to a very sophisticated customer, supplying premium products with high margins. That dominant logic does not work in poor countries. It is a fundamentally different customer set with fundamentally different problems. Sometimes, countries can become insular when they are so successful. For American entrepreneurs to tap into this opportunity, they have to be curious about the problems of people in poor countries. This curiosity—if you can acquire it, then you can succeed.”
The widespread use of cellphones across the African continent over the last ten years has shown the value of airtime. Airtime is safer than carrying cash, it doesn’t need to be kept in a bank or under the mattress, and its value doesn’t fluctuate as does paper currency. A new business in Zimbabwe, takes this devolution of currency, as we know it, one step further, replacing it altogether.
“Aiming to provide a new solution to the lack of currency in Zimbabwe, local startup Yo Time offers an internet platform that allows retailers to give change in the form of mobile airtime instead.”